A LAMP stack is a group of open-source software that is typically installed together to enable a server to host dynamic websites and web apps. This term is actually an acronym which represents the Linux operating system, with the Apache web server. The site data is stored in a MySQL or MariaDB database, and dynamic content is processed by PHP.
First, check for any pending system upgrades.
apt update apt upgrade
Command to install Apache along with its utilities.
apt install -y apache2 apache2-utils
Next, check the Status of Apache.
systemctl status apache2
root@ubuntu23:~# systemctl status apache2 ● apache2.service - The Apache HTTP Server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/apache2.service; enabled; preset: enab> Active: active (running) since Fri 2023-10-20 07:00:24 UTC; 49s ago Docs: https://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.4/ Main PID: 2734 (apache2) Tasks: 55 (limit: 2226) Memory: 4.9M CPU: 88ms CGroup: /system.slice/apache2.service ├─2734 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start ├─2736 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start └─2737 /usr/sbin/apache2 -k start
If Apache is not active can start using the following command.
systemctl start apache2
Use the following command to auto start Apache at boot time.
systemctl enable apache2
You can confirm the Apache2 version with the below command,
root@ubuntu23:~# apache2 -v Server version: Apache/2.4.57 (Ubuntu) Server built: 2023-07-21T21:17:42
We will open the HTTP, HTTPS ports in the firewall, so we can access the page served by the Apache web server.
Allow the HTTP,HTTPS ports by running the below command,
ufw allow http ufw allow https
Rules updated Rules updated (v6) Rules updated Rules updated (v6)
And to verify if it's working, open the server's IP address in your browser. You should be able to view the Apache default page.
NOTE: Replace with your Server IP address.
Install MariaDB server, run the below command:
apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client
Once the installation complete, check the status of MariaDB.
systemctl status mariadb
root@ubuntu:~# systemctl status mariadb root@ubuntu23:~# systemctl status mariadb ● mariadb.service - MariaDB 10.11.4 database server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; preset: enabled) Active: active (running) since Fri 2023-10-20 07:06:19 UTC; 4min 30s ago Docs: man:mariadbd(8) https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/systemd/ Main PID: 3967 (mariadbd) Status: "Taking your SQL requests now..." Tasks: 9 (limit: 2226) Memory: 78.6M CPU: 921ms CGroup: /system.slice/mariadb.service └─3967 /usr/sbin/mariadbd
Start MariaDB if it is not active using below command,
systemctl start mariadb
Use the following command to auto start MariaDB at boot time.
systemctl enable mariadb
Next, MariaDB database security.
NOTE: In this step, you will be prompted with several questions.
root@ubuntu23:~# mysql_secure_installation NOTE: RUNNING ALL PARTS OF THIS SCRIPT IS RECOMMENDED FOR ALL MariaDB SERVERS IN PRODUCTION USE! PLEASE READ EACH STEP CAREFULLY! In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current password for the root user. If you've just installed MariaDB, and haven't set the root password yet, you should just press enter here. Enter current password for root (enter for none): OK, successfully used password, moving on... Setting the root password or using the unix_socket ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation. You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'. Switch to unix_socket authentication [Y/n] y Enabled successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! You already have your root account protected, so you can safely answer 'n'. Change the root password? [Y/n] y New password: Re-enter new password: Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success! By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y ... Success! Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y ... Success! By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y - Dropping test database... ... Success! - Removing privileges on test database... ... Success! Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y ... Success! Cleaning up... All done! If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MariaDB!
Login to the MariaDB using below command,
mariadb -u root -p
To exit from MariaDB.
Check MariaDB Version,
root@ubuntu23:~# mariadb --version mariadb Ver 15.1 Distrib 10.11.4-MariaDB, for debian-linux-gnu (x86_64) using EditLine wrapper
PHP 8.2 is the default version of PHP that would be installed on Ubuntu 23.10.
Install PHP and Required Extensions using below command,
apt install php libapache2-mod-php php-mysql php-common php-cli php-common php-json php-opcache php-readline php-mbstring php-gd php-dom php-zip php-curl
Enable the Apache PHP module and restart the Apache Web server.
systemctl restart apache2
To check PHP Version.
root@ubuntu23:~# php --version PHP 8.2.10-2ubuntu1 (cli) (built: Sep 5 2023 14:37:47) (NTS) Copyright (c) The PHP Group Zend Engine v4.2.10, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies with Zend OPcache v8.2.10-2ubuntu1, Copyright (c), by Zend Technologies
Test PHP scripts we need to add the
info.php file in the document.
Add the following to the file.
<?php phpinfo(); ?>
To verify enter the following link in a web browser.
NOTE: Replace with your server IP address below.
Once it's verified, remove the file so it will not be of any security risk,
FPM (FastCGI Process Manager) is an alternative PHP FastCGI implementation with some additional features useful for heavy-loaded sites.
NOTE: This is an optional step, PHP 8.2 is used to run the PHP code but if you want to run PHP code with PHP-FPM follow the below steps.
Next, Install PHP-FPM.
apt install php8.2-fpm
Enable proxy_fcgi and setenvif module.
a2enmod proxy_fcgi setenvif
root@ubuntu23:~# a2enmod proxy_fcgi setenvif Considering dependency proxy for proxy_fcgi: Enabling module proxy. Enabling module proxy_fcgi. Module setenvif already enabled To activate the new configuration, you need to run: systemctl restart apache2
Now enable php8.2-fpm file.
Restart the Apache.
systemctl restart apache2
systemctl enable php8.2-fpm
Follow below command to start php-fpm.
systemctl start php8.2-fpm
To check the status of php-fpm.
systemctl status php8.2-fpm
root@ubuntu23:~# systemctl status php8.2-fpm ● php8.2-fpm.service - The PHP 8.2 FastCGI Process Manager Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/php8.2-fpm.service; enabled; preset: enabled) Active: active (running) since Fri 2023-10-20 07:20:06 UTC; 1min 13s ago Docs: man:php-fpm8.2(8) Main PID: 16740 (php-fpm8.2) Status: "Processes active: 0, idle: 2, Requests: 0, slow: 0, Traffic: 0req/sec" Tasks: 3 (limit: 2226) Memory: 9.9M CPU: 136ms CGroup: /system.slice/php8.2-fpm.service ├─16740 "php-fpm: master process (/etc/php/8.2/fpm/php-fpm.conf)" ├─16741 "php-fpm: pool www" └─16742 "php-fpm: pool www"
Now you have successfully installed the LAMP stack (Apache, MariaDB, and PHP8.1) on Ubuntu 23.10.