How to Install Winter CMS with LAMP Stack on Debian 11

Winter is a free, open-source content management system based on the Laravel PHP framework. Developers and agencies all around the world rely upon Winter for its quick prototyping and development, safe and secure codebase, and dedication to simplicity. In this article, we are going to learn how to install Winter CMS on Debian 11. So, let’s get started.

Checkout the Winter CMS Project Here .

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Pre-requisites :

  • A system with Debian 11 installed and running.

  • root access to the system.

  • LAMP Stack installed and running, for this, you can refer to one of our guides on installing the LAMP Stack (Apache, MariaDB, and PHP).

Once you're all set, we'll proceed with Winter CMS installation and configuration.

Create Database

Let us begin with creating a Database and a user. We will then grant the required privileges to the user so it can interact with the Database.

mysql -u root

CREATE DATABASE ccwintercms;

CREATE USER 'ccwintercms'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'UYGVc%$#Erfgt*&^%4';

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON ccwintercms.* TO 'ccwintercms'@'localhost';



The above commands will give complete access to the user ccwintercms. We would suggest using a strong and long password.

Configuring Apache vHost

Now, create a new Apache configuration file for Winter CMS with the following command.

Replace with the domain name of your own for all the below code examples:

vi /etc/apache2/sites-available/

Now, press i to go to INSERT mode and type in the following lines of codes in the file.

<VirtualHost *:80>

DocumentRoot /var/www/html/wintercms

ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/dev.domainhere.info_error.log
CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/dev.domainhere.info_access.log combined

<Directory /var/www/html/wintercms/>
Options FollowSymlinks
AllowOverride All
Require all granted


Now make directory for Winter CMS files:

mkdir -p /var/www/html/wintercms/

Enable SSL and Rewrite:


a2enmod rewrite ssl

Restart Apache:

systemctl restart apache2

Enable http and https ( 80/443 )

To enable http and https connection through the firewall, follow the commands:

ufw allow 80/tcp

ufw allow 443/tcp

Download Winter CMS

Let's download Winter CMS:

cd /etc/www/html/wintercms



chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/wintercms/

chmod -R 775 /var/www/html/wintercms/

Configuring Winter CMS

Now open the domain name with a /install.html from your browser, this will redirect you to configuring the final parts of the Winter CMS installation.

Replace the with the actual IP or domain configured on the server.

Input the Database details which was configured earlier. Follow the below steps:

Now you have successfully installed Winter CMS with LAMP Stack on Debian 11.