Kernel is central component of an operating system that manages operations of computer and hardware. It basically manages operations of memory and CPU time. It is core component of an operating system. Kernel acts as a bridge between applications and data processing performed at hardware level using inter-process communication and system calls.
Debian 11 comes with Kernel 5.10 as default version. This can be upgraded to 6.x version available right now using the backport repository.
root@vps:~# uname -r 5.10.0-15-amd64
Upgrading the kernel to 6.x requires you to add the backports repository into the
Backports are the packages from the next version of Debian that is going to be or has been released.
Let us add the backports repository into
sources.list and update the packages,
echo "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-backports main" | tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list apt-get update
root@vps:~# echo "deb http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-backports main" | te e -a /etc/apt/sources.list deb http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-backports main root@vps:~# apt-get update Get:1 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye InRelease [116 kB] Get:2 http://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security InRelease [48.4 kB] Get:3 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-updates InRelease [44.1 kB] Get:4 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-backports InRelease [49.0 kB] Get:5 http://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security/main amd64 Packages [210 kB] Get:6 http://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security/main Translation-en [137 kB] Get:7 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye/main amd64 Packages [8,183 kB] Get:8 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye/main Translation-en [6,240 kB] Get:9 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-updates/main amd64 Packages.diff/Index [15.1 kB] Get:10 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-updates/main Translation-en.diff/Index [6,117 B] Get:11 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-updates/main amd64 Packages T-2022-10-31-2015.41-F-2022-08-18-2019.35.pdiff [14.3 kB] Get:11 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-updates/main amd64 Packages T-2022-10-31-2015.41-F-2022-08-18-2019.35.pdiff [14.3 kB] Get:12 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-updates/main Translation-en T-2022-10-21-2017.32-F-2022-09-22-1635.40.pdiff [6,025 B] Get:12 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-updates/main Translation-en T-2022-10-21-2017.32-F-2022-09-22-1635.40.pdiff [6,025 B] Get:13 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-backports/main amd64 Packages [379 kB] Get:14 http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-backports/main Translation-en [313 kB] Fetched 15.8 MB in 4s (4,001 kB/s) Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree... Done Reading state information... Done 55 packages can be upgraded. Run 'apt list --upgradable' to see them. N: Repository 'http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye InRelease' changed its 'Version' value from '11.3' to '11.6'
Once the packages have been updated, let us verify the kernel versions which are available for us to install.
For this, run the following command,
apt search linux-image
You can notice several versions being listed that are available from backports repository.
To install the new kernel, run the following command,
apt -t bullseye-backports upgrade
Once the Kernel has been installed, reboot the server so it can boot into the new version.
Now, let us confirm the kernel version the Debian system is on by using the
root@vps:~# uname -r 6.0.0-0.deb11.6-amd64