How to Install Nextcloud on Debian 9

Install PHP

Let’s start with the installation of PHP 5.6 or higher version on your Debian 9 Stretch system.

wget -q https://packages.sury.org/php/apt.gpg -O- | sudo apt-key add -

output:

[email protected]:~# wget -q https://packages.sury.org/php/apt.gpg -O- | apt-key add -
OK

echo "deb https://packages.sury.org/php/ stretch main" | tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/php.list

output:

[email protected]:~#  echo "deb https://packages.sury.org/php/ stretch main" | tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/php.list
deb https://packages.sury.org/php/ stretch main

apt-get update

output:

[email protected]:~# apt-get update
Get:1 http://security.debian.org/debian-security stretch/updates InRelease [94.3 kB]
Ign:2 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian stretch InRelease                        
Get:3 http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian stretch-updates InRelease [91.0 kB]
Get:4 http://security.debian.org/debian-security stretch/updates/main Sources [188 kB]

apt-get install -y php php-gd php-curl php-zip php-xml php-mbstring

OUTPUT:

[email protected]:~# apt-get install -y php php-gd php-curl php-zip php-xml php-mbstring
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following additional packages will be installed:

Install Apache2

apt-get install -y apache2 libapache2-mod-php

OUTPUT:

[email protected]:~# apt-get install -y apache2 libapache2-mod-php
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
apache2 is already the newest version (2.4.25-3+deb9u6).

Install MySQL

apt-get install -y mysql-server php-mysql

OUTPUT:

[email protected]:~# apt-get install -y mysql-server php-mysql
Reading package lists... Done 
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following additional packages will be installed:

Download Nextcloud Archive

Let’s download latest Nextcloud from its official website.

cd /tmp
wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-15.0.0.zip

output:

[email protected]:/tmp# wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-15.0.0.zip
--2019-01-09 12:03:35--  https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-15.0.0.zip
Resolving download.nextcloud.com (download.nextcloud.com)... 88.198.160.133
Connecting to download.nextcloud.com (download.nextcloud.com)|88.198.160.133|:443... connected.

Now extract downloaded archive under website document root and setup appropriate permissions on files and directories.

Install unzip.

apt-get install unzip

output:

[email protected]:/var/www/html# apt-get install unzip
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done

cd /var/www/html
sudo unzip /tmp/nextcloud-15.0.0.zip

output:

[email protected]:/var/www/html# unzip /tmp/nextcloud-15.0.0.zip
Archive:  /tmp/nextcloud-15.0.0.zip

chown -R www-data:www-data nextcloud

output:

[email protected]:/var/www/html# chown -R www-data:www-data nextcloud
drwxr-xr-x 13 www-data www-data  4096 Jan  9 12:23 nextcloud

chmod -R 755 nextcloud

output:

[email protected]:/var/www/html# chmod -R 755 nextcloud
drwxr-xr-x 13 www-data www-data  4096 Jan  9 12:23 nextcloud

Now,remove the archive file.

rm -f /tmp/nextcloud-15.0.0.zip

output:

[email protected]:/var/www/html# rm -f /tmp/nextcloud-15.0.0.zip

Create MySQL Database

let’s create a MySQL database and user account for configuring Nextcloud.

Note,

  1. The database name here would be, nextcloud
  2. The database username would be, nextcloud
  3. Replace 'PASSWORD' with a secure password.

    mysql -u root -p

output:

[email protected]:~# mysql -u root -p
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 2

CREATE DATABASE nextcloud;

output:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE nextcloud;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

GRANT ALL ON nextcloud.* to 'nextcloud'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD';

output:

MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL ON nextcloud.* to 'nextcloud'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'PASSWORD';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

output:

MariaDB [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

Run Nextcloud Web Installer

 http://localhost/nextcloud/

Last Modified: January 09 2019 19:11:05